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Citation Basics

APA Guides

APA References Examples

Basic examples of common citations. See the guides linked above for additional examples.


Print Book

Elements: Author’s Last name, Author’s First and Middle initials. (Year of publication). Title italicized. Publisher.

Larson, M. S. (1977). The rise of professionalism. University of California Press.


eBook

Elements: Author’s Last name, Author’s First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Year of publication). Title of the book italicized. URL to the full text ebook or to the distributor’s homepage

Austen, J. (1813). Pride and prejudice. http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/1342


Chapter in Edited Book

Elements: Chapter Author’s Last name, Chapter Author’s First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Year of publication). Title of chapter or article. In Editor(s) First and Middle initials and Last names (Ed. or Eds.), Book title italicized (pp. followed by the page range for the chapter/article). Publisher.

Rodriguez, J. (1999). Imperfection is meaningless: On prayer and chanting. In P. Smith (Ed.), Looking ahead (pp. 107-112). St. Martin’s Press.


Journal Article

Elements: Author’s Last name, Author’s First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal italicized, Volume number italicized(Issue number), Page numbers. DOI or URL

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(2), 225-229. https://doi.org/10.1037/027806133.24.2.225


Webpage

Elements: Author (person or organization). (Date published or updated). Title of webpage italicized. Site Name. URL

Boyd, V. (2012, January 15). About Zora Neale Hurston. Zora Neale Hurston. http://zoranealehurston.com/about/


Webpage on a News Website

Elements: Author’s Last name, Author’s First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Date published or updated). Title of webpage italicized. Site Name. URL

Street, F. (2020, January 9). How the village that inspired ‘Frozen’ is dealing with overtourism. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/overtourism-frozen-hallstatt-austria/index.html


Examples from Excelsior Online Writing Lab (OWL) used under a Creative Commons Attribution-4.0 International License.
Creative Commons License